projects:Project Details

Earth Observation data for monitoring wildfire emissions in Ireland

Challenge

The Fires, Land and Atmospheric Remote Sensing of EmissionS (FLARES) project aimed to develop systematic approaches to the acquisition and collation of a range of data on agricultural and uncontrolled wildland burning burn events from satellite datasets. These were validated by in situ observations, and measurement of emission factors for wildfires in Ireland, with the objective of improving the accuracy and reducing uncertainty in the quantification of annual greenhouse gas and particulate emissions. The main challenge of the project was to determine accurate emission quantities from agricultural and uncontrolled burning in Ireland. Existing national data sets were either lacking or inadequate in providing a comprehensive understanding of the scope and impact of such burn events. Data on burnt areas was primarily derived from satellite datasets and verified where possible with in situ observations. Further complexity arose in the need to measure emission factors pertinent to Irish wildfires accurately, aiming to enhance precision and decrease uncertainty in estimating annual emissions.

Solution

Randbee's role in addressing these challenges involved harnessing remote sensing technology for fire emission detection and quantification. Specifically Randbee took advantage of the Copernicus CAMS data products to identify both gaseous and particulate emissions associated with the identified fires. Randbee built on the previous work funded by EPA, to characterize upland habitats from satellite imagery. This technique enables identification of the type of vegetation burned and the biomass lost, thereby providing a more accurate calculation of the emissions produced. Furthermore, we validated the acquired data with ground-based observations to improve its reliability and accuracy. This interdisciplinary approach, combining Earth Observation and Atmospheric Chemistry expertise, positions Randbee to propose robust and innovative methods for future operational air quality monitoring.

Client

  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in Ireland

Category

Data Analysis